Canada Express Entry is the most popular program for applying for a permanent residency visa in Canada. In this guide, we will walk you through all of the steps that you need to take in order to make your move as smooth as possible.

What is Express Entry?

The Express Entry system is the Canadian government’s way of managing applications for permanent residence. It's an online system for managing skilled worker immigration applications. It was introduced in 2015, and since then, it has become the most popular method of immigrating to Canada.

There are 3 immigration programs managed through Express Entry; these are outlined in some detail in the following paragraphs. However, for applicants from India, the most popular program is the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program which we will cover in more detail.

Why Express Entry is required for PR?

The Express Entry system is required for those who wish to obtain permanent residence in Canada. It was introduced in order to streamline the process and make it more efficient. Under this system, applicants are placed into a pool of candidates, and from there, they are selected based on their human capital factors. These include things like age, education, work experience, and language ability.

The Express Entry system allowed the Government of Canada to manage the demand and supply of skilled workers through a transparent and efficient process, correcting some of the difficulties faced by applicants in the earlier system (prior to 2015) which was based on first come first serve to lead to significant queues.

What are the benefits of Express Entry?

There are many benefits to the Express Entry system. Perhaps the most significant benefit is that it allows applicants to obtain permanent residence in a much shorter time frame than previous methods. Additionally, it is a very efficient system that eliminates a lot of the red tape and bureaucracy that can be associated with other methods of immigration. Finally, it allows candidates to have more control over their application and the process as a whole.

Programs Under Express Entry

The Express Entry system has a few different programs that applicants can apply for. The first is the Federal Skilled Worker Program, which is for those who have skills and experience in a specific occupation. The second is the Federal Skilled Trades Program, which is for those who have experience in a skilled trade. And finally, there is the Canadian Experience Class, which is for those who have already gained work experience in Canada.

FSW, FST, & CEC Programs under Canada Express entry Infographic
There Are Three Major Programs Under Express Entry system

Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) Program

The Federal Skilled Worker Program is for those who have skills and experience in a specific occupation. In order to be eligible, applicants must have at least one year of work experience in an occupation that is listed as being in high demand. Additionally, they must have the required education and language ability.

Federal Skilled Trades (FST) Program

The Federal Skilled Trades Program is for those who have experience in a skilled trade. In order to be eligible, applicants must have at least two years of work experience in a skilled trade or a certificate of qualification issued by a Canadian provincial, territorial or federal authority. Additionally, they must have the required language ability.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Canadian Experience Class is for those who have already gained work experience in Canada. In order to be eligible, applicants must have at least one year of work experience in a skilled occupation in Canada. Additionally, they must have the required education and language ability.

Eligibility Criteria for Express Entry in 2022

Individuals with university or college degrees, skilled work experience and good proficiency in English and/or French are ideal Express Entry candidates.

In order to be eligible for Express Entry in 2022, applicants must meet the following criteria:

  • Have at least one year of work experience in a skilled occupation
  • Have the required education and language ability
  • Be between the ages of 18 and 46
  • Not have any criminal convictions
  • Be in good health
  • Have adequate financial resources

Requirements for Canada PR in 2022

In order to qualify for Canada PR, you have to satisfy two criteria:

  • Score 67 immigration points: The applicant has to score at least 67 points out of 100 on the selection factor point grid, to be eligible for a Canada PR Visa. You can also earn some extra points if you are moving with your spouse to Canada.
  • Rank high on CRS score: If you’re eligible for the Express Entry program, you’ll be ranked in the Express Entry pool using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS). The CRS is a points-based system used to assess and score your profile and rank it in the Express Entry pool. The higher your score, the stronger your application.
Latest requirements for Canada PR - 67 immigration points, high rank on CRS score
Latest requirements for Canada PR

Scoring 67 immigration points

The table below explains the point distribution for checking the eligibility of 67 points:

Selection Factor Maximum Points
Age 12
Education 25
Language Skill 28
Work Experience 15
Adaptability 10
Arranged Full-time Employment 10

If you fall short of the 67-point standard, there are several things you can do.

  • Improve your language skills
  • Complete another degree, diploma or certificate
  • Apply for a Provincial Nominee Program where you may still be eligible

Ranking high on CRS score

When it comes to your CRS score, there are three factors you have to consider:

  • Core or Human Capital Factors (your age, education, experience, etc. with or without a spouse or common - law partner)
  • Skill Transferability Factors (Canadian work experience or foreign work experience, language ability, etc.)
  • Additional Factors (Canadian job offer, provincial nomination, etc.)

Age criteria

There is no age limit for the Canada Express Entry program. In most economic migration categories, however, applicants between the ages of 25 and 35 receive the maximum points, and age points become zero after the age of 45.

Education criteria

To be eligible for Express Entry, you must have completed at least one year of post-secondary education. You can get additional points if you have:

  • A two-year diploma or trade certificate
  • A bachelor's degree, master's degree or Ph.D. from a Canadian institution or from a foreign institution comparable to Canadian standards (as assessed by ECA)

Education Credential Assessment (ECA)

The Education Credential Assessment (ECA) report is used to verify that your foreign degree, diploma, the certificate is equivalent to a Canadian one. An ECA report is required for Express Entry if you want points for your education and plan on claiming any points for skilled work experience gained outside of Canada.

You need to include the results of your ECA report when you create your Express Entry profile. You can get an ECA report from any of these designated organizations:

  • World Education Services (WES)
  • International Credential Assessment Service of Canada (ICAS)
  • Comparative Education Service (CES)
  • International Qualifications Assessment Service (IQAS)
  • International Credential Evaluation Service (ICES)

Work experience criteria

You are eligible for Express Entry if you have at least one year of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) paid work experience in the last ten years in a skilled occupation. Skilled occupations are listed under the National Occupational Classification (NOC).

  • Canadian work experience: You must have at least one year of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) paid work experience in Canada in the last three years.
  • Foreign work experience: You must have at least one year of full-time (or an equal amount in part-time) paid work experience outside of Canada. Your foreign work experience must be in a skilled occupation.

Language Ability Criteria

You must prove your language skills in English or French by taking a language test approved by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). You can take the International English Language Testing System (IELTS), the Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program (CELPIP), or the Test d'évaluation de français (TEF).

  • You need to achieve the minimum score in each of the four language abilities in order to get points for your language ability.
  • Applicants who achieve Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) level seven or higher in all four language abilities (reading, writing, listening and speaking) are eligible.
  • You will need to take a test even if your first language of education is English or French.

How to apply for Express Entry

If you meet the eligibility criteria for Express Entry, you can create an online profile. You will need to provide information about yourself and your skills, work experience, language ability, education, and other details.

You will also need to submit documents that prove the information in your profile is accurate. These include things like your passport, language test results, educational credentials, and work experience letters.

Once you have submitted your profile, you will be entered into the Express Entry pool. From there, you will be given a score based on the information in your profile and ranked against other candidates in the pool.

The highest-ranked candidates are invited to apply for permanent residence through regular draws from the Express Entry pool. If you are invited to apply, you will have 60 days to submit a complete application for permanent residence.

You can increase your chances of being invited to apply by:

  • Making sure your profile is complete and accurate
  • Improving your score in the Express Entry Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS)
  • Getting a provincial nomination (if you are eligible)
  • Applying for and being approved for a valid job offer from a Canadian employer (if you are eligible)

You can improve your score in the CRS by:

  • Taking steps to improve your language skills
  • Getting more work experience in a skilled occupation (NOC 0, A or B)
  • Completing post-secondary education in Canada
  • Getting a valid job offer from a Canadian employer
  • Receiving a provincial nomination (if you are eligible)

Step by step guide to Canada immigration

  • Check if you are eligible for the program
  • Take a language test
  • Get your foreign credentials assessed
  • Create an Express Entry profile and get a score based on the Comprehensive Ranking System
  • Receive an Invitation to Apply for permanent residence
  • Apply for permanent residence
  • After you apply – get biometrics, prepare for your first landing, travel to Canada.

Calculate Your Canada Express Entry Points

If you want to calculate your points in Express Entry, it is best to consult an experienced consultant as otherwise, it can be quite confusing. Here are some details to help you to get some basic understanding.

What is a selection factor point grid or 67 points calculator?

Canada uses selection factor points to assess your eligibility for the Federal Skilled Worker Program and assign an overall score out of 100. If you score 67 points or higher, you may qualify for the Federal Skilled Worker Program.

Once you’re in the Express Entry pool, Canada uses a different system to rank your profile, i.e. Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) Criteria.

The difference between 67 points system and the CRS Calculator

67-point system is the eligibility grid for you to be added in the Express Entry pool. It only checks the eligibility; it does not tell you your chances of getting an invitation to apply for a permanent resident visa. That is based on your rank in the Express Entry pool based on your CRS score.

To compete among the candidates inside the pool, CRS (Comprehensive Ranking System) grid is used. CRS point system is calculated out of 1200. In which 600 is for your skills/Education/Background and the remaining 600 is for Job Offer/Provincial Nomination.

Major Factors for calculating Express Entry Points

The CRS ranks eligible candidates for immigration to Canada through Express Entry under the following components:

  • Core human capital factors;
  • Accompanying spouse or common-law factors;
  • Skill transferability factors; and
  • Factors relating to a provincial nomination, a qualifying offer of arranged employment, Canadian study experience, a sibling in Canada, and/or French language ability.

There are a total of 1,200 points available under the Comprehensive Ranking System. For candidates without an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

  • A maximum of 500 points available for core human capital factors;
  • A maximum of 100 points available for skill transferability factors;
  • 600 points available for either a provincial nomination; or
  • Up to 200 points available for a qualifying offer of arranged employment; and
  • Up to 30 points for Canadian study experience;
  • Up to 50 additional points for French language ability, combined with English language ability; and
  • A maximum of 15 points for a sibling in Canada.

For candidates with an accompanying spouse or common-law partner, there are:

  • A maximum of 460 points available for the core human capital factors of the principal applicant;
  • A maximum of 40 points for the core human capital factors of the spouse or common-law partner;
  • 600 points available for either a provincial nomination; or
  • Up to 200 points available for a qualifying offer of arranged employment; and
  • Up to 30 points for a Canadian study experience.
  • Up to 50 additional points for French language ability, combined with English language ability; and
  • A maximum of 15 points for a sibling in Canada (one sibling of the principal applicant and the accompanying spouse/common-law partner is considered).

Cost for Canada express entry in 2022

Cost of Visa

Permanent residence fees differ from program to program, depending on the immigration stream to which you apply. Applicants should keep in mind that after their application has been accepted, they will be required to pay the Right of Permanent Residence (ROPR) Fee, a separate payment that is required of all approved applicants regardless of which program they apply under.

Applicant Fee Details
Principal Applicant $CAD 850 plus $CAD 515 ROPR fee
Spouse $CAD 850 plus $CAD 515 ROPR fee
Children $CAD 230 per dependent child

Cost of IELTS Exam

The IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is the most popular English proficiency test for people who want to study or work in an English-speaking country, such as Canada. The cost of taking the IELTS exam varies depending on the location; in India, it costs INR 15,500.

Cost of Education Assessment (ECA)

An ECA (Educational Credential Assessment) is required for any applicant who wants to use their foreign education to apply for permanent residence in Canada. The cost of an ECA is about CAD 240, but it can vary slightly depending on the country where you obtained your degree and the credential assessment agency that you use.

How much proof of funds is required?

The amount of money you'll need to show varies depending on your circumstances. For example, if you're immigrating alone as a skilled worker, you'll need to show that you have at least $13,310 in savings. If you're immigrating with a spouse or common-law partner, the combined total must be at least $16,570. And if you're immigrating with a dependent child, the total must be at least $20,371.

To summarize, the total cost of applying for a Canadian permanent residence visa from India is shown below:

Charges Applied for Cost
Canada PR Fee for Primary Applicant CAD$ 850
Right of PR Fee CAD$ 515
Spouse or Partner processing fee CAD$ 850
Dependent Child (Per child) CAD$ 230
ECA fees CAD$ 240
IELTS Test Rs. 15,500
Medical Test Rs. 5,000
PCC Fees Rs. 500

Documents required for Canada Express Entry

Applying to Express Entry is a two-step process.

STEP1: Submit your online profile which requires the following documents:

  • Language test results
  • Educational credential assessment report
  • A passport or travel document
  • Once you have created your profile, you will be placed into a pool of candidates.

STEP 2: Apply for Canada PR, once you receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) which requires the following documents:

  • Reference letters
  • Additional identity documents
  • Police clearance certificates
  • Results of a medical examination

Here are the documents you'll need to apply for a Canada permanent resident visa:

  • Valid Passport
  • Driver’s License
  • Government Issued Identity Cards
  • Proof Of Funds
  • ECA or Educational Credential Assessment
  • Originals and photocopies of all relevant documents
  • Certified translation of documents which are not written in English
  • Language Test results (IELTS)
  • Skills Assessment Test Report (ECA)
  • Sponsorship letters, personal identification letter, recommendation letter or similar documents
  • Other documents may be required depending on the immigration route you have chosen

Benefits of Canada Express Entry System

The Express Entry system is designed to be fair and transparent and to make it easier for skilled workers to come to Canada.

Latest requirements for Canada PR - 67 immigration points, high rank on CRS score
Benefits of Canada Express Entry System.

The main benefits of the Express Entry system are:

  • You can get permanent residence in as little as six months (after the application is filed)
  • You don’t need a job offer to apply
  • You may be able to bring your spouse or common-law partner and eligible dependent children with you to Canada
  • You can live, work or study anywhere in Canada
  • You will have access to free health care and education
  • You will be able to apply for Canadian citizenship after three years
  • You will have the same rights and responsibilities as any other Canadian citizen.

Canada Express Entry Latest Draw

The Canadian government holds an Express Entry draw approximately every two weeks. Each draw has a CRS cut-off score, which represents the CRS score of the lowest-ranked applicant to be invited to apply for permanent residence.

Each invitation round has a set of instructions that are posted online at the same time as the invitation round. These are used by the Express Entry system to invite candidates from the pool.

CRS score distribution of candidates in the Express Entry pool (updated May 2022):

CRS score range Number of candidates
601-1200 602
501-600 6,972
451-500 51,541
401-450 49,886
351-400 61,089
301-350 31,833
0-300 4,803
Total 206,726

How ISA can help in applying for Express Entry Program?

If you need help with your Express Entry application or any other immigration matter, the team of experts at ISA can assist you. We have a proven track record of success in helping our clients immigrate to Canada and we would be happy to put our experience to work for you.

Please contact us today to find out how we can help you with your Express Entry application or any other immigration matter. We look forward to hearing from you soon!

You can register for our free webinar at:

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FAQs

IELTS is not mandatory for spouses; however, if you want to apply as a family under the Canadia PR Application, you can earn more points by including your partner's IELTS score.
You do not need a job offer in order to be eligible for Express Entry. The majority of people admitted to Express Entry do not have a Canadian employment offer. In fact, it is almost impossible to get a valid job offer from a Canadian employer if you are a foreign national unless your current employer is willing to relocate you to Canada.

Here are the requirements. You should:

  • Be a permanent resident.
  • Have lived in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years.
  • And have filed your taxes.
  • Pass a test on your rights, responsibilities, and knowledge of Canada.
  • Prove your language skills.
Canada aims to welcome 431,645 new permanent residents in 2022, 447,055 in 2023 and 451,000 in 2024.

These numbers include the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Federal Skilled Trades Program, and Canadian Experience Class.

These also include other pathways like the time-limited temporary public policies for the temporary resident to permanent resident pathways, the Start-up Visa Program, the Self-employed Persons Program, etc.

 

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